French Guiana is an overseas department and region of France located on the northeastern coast of South America. It shares borders with Brazil to the south and east and Suriname to the west. The capital city of French Guiana is Cayenne. As an overseas department of France, French Guiana is an integral part of the French Republic. It is governed by the same laws and institutions as mainland France. The official language is French, and the currency is the Euro.
French Guiana is known for its unique blend of cultures, including indigenous, African, European, and Asian influences. The population is diverse, consisting of various ethnic groups such as Creoles, Maroons, Amerindians, and people of European and Asian descent. The natural environment of French Guiana is characterized by dense rainforests, rivers, and a diverse range of flora and fauna. It is home to the Guiana Amazonian Park, a UNESCO World Heritage site, which protects a significant portion of the Amazon rainforest.
The economy of French Guiana relies heavily on the presence of the Guiana Space Centre, a European spaceport operated by the French space agency, CNES. The spaceport is used for launching satellites and other space missions, attracting international scientists and technicians to the region. French Guiana faces certain social and economic challenges, including issues related to poverty, inequality, and infrastructure development. Efforts are being made to address these challenges and promote sustainable development in the region.
Tourism in French Guiana is growing, with visitors attracted to its natural beauty, biodiversity, and cultural heritage. Popular attractions include the Îles du Salut (Salvation Islands), which were once a penal colony, and the Tumuc-Humac mountains. Overall, French Guiana is a unique and diverse region that combines its South American location with its French cultural and administrative ties, offering a blend of natural wonders, cultural richness, and scientific exploration.