Carl Murphy (1889-1967) was an influential African-American newspaper publisher and civil rights activist. He was born on January 17, 1889, in Baltimore, Maryland. Murphy is best known for his work as the publisher of the Afro-American newspaper, a prominent African-American publication that served as a platform for advocating for racial equality and social justice.
Murphy became editor of the Baltimore Afro-American due to the poor health of his father in 1918. Later, after his father passed away in 1922 Murphy became the leader of one of the most influential African American publications in the United States. At the peak of its circulation, the Baltimore Afro-American reached over 200,000 people, and Murphy helped the paper grow in size so that by the end of his time at the paper in 1961, it had expanded to cover Newark, Philadelphia, Washington D.C., and Richmond, Virginia.
Under Murphy’s leadership, the Afro-American newspaper became one of the most widely circulated African-American newspapers in the United States. The publication played a crucial role in promoting civil rights, challenging racial discrimination, and highlighting the achievements and concerns of the African-American community. Murphy was actively involved in civil rights organizations and movements throughout his career. He supported and worked closely with prominent civil rights leaders like Thurgood Marshall and played a significant role in the legal battle to desegregate schools, including the landmark Supreme Court case Brown v. Board of Education.
His contributions to journalism, civil rights activism, and promoting the interests of the African-American community have made Carl Murphy an important figure in American history.