Civil RightsEducationHistory

The Tougaloo Nine

The Tougaloo Nine were a group of African American students who played a pivotal role in the Civil Rights Movement. In 1961, these nine students from Tougaloo College in Mississippi bravely stood up against segregation by attempting to integrate the Jackson Public Library. Their peaceful protest and subsequent arrest drew national attention to the injustices of segregation and played a significant role in the desegregation of public libraries across the United States.

The Tougaloo Nine consisted of three women and six men: Meredith Coleman, James “Jim” Bradford, Geraldine Edwards, Janice Jackson, Alfred Cook, Ethel Sawyer, Joseph Jackson, Jr., Evelyn Pierce, and Albert Lassiter. These students were inspired by the sit-in movements that were taking place across the South, where African American activists were challenging segregation by peacefully occupying segregated spaces.

On March 27, 1961, the Tougaloo Nine entered the “whites-only” Jackson Public Library and requested library cards. When denied access, they peacefully occupied the library and refused to leave. Their actions were met with hostility from library staff and local authorities, who arrested the students for their defiance of segregation laws. The arrest of the Tougaloo Nine sparked outrage and garnered national attention. The students’ peaceful protest and willingness to face arrest for their cause drew widespread support and sympathy from people across the country. Their actions highlighted the injustice of segregation and helped to galvanize support for the Civil Rights Movement.

The Tougaloo Nine’s courageous stand had a lasting impact on the fight for desegregation. Their case went to court, and in 1962, the Mississippi Supreme Court ruled in their favor, stating that public libraries could not deny access to individuals based on race. This landmark decision set an important precedent for the desegregation of public facilities and helped to dismantle institutionalized segregation in the United States.

The bravery and determination of the Tougaloo Nine inspired countless others to take a stand against segregation and discrimination. Their actions demonstrated the power of peaceful protest and civil disobedience in bringing about social change. The legacy of the Tougaloo Nine lives on as a testament to the courage and resilience of those who fought for racial equality during the Civil Rights Movement.

In recognition of their contributions to the Civil Rights Movement, the Tougaloo Nine have been honored with numerous awards and accolades. Their legacy continues to inspire future generations to stand up for justice and equality, and their story serves as a reminder of the ongoing struggle for civil rights and social justice in America. The bravery and sacrifice of the Tougaloo Nine will forever be remembered as a pivotal moment in the history of the Civil Rights Movement. Their actions helped to bring about meaningful change and paved the way for progress in the ongoing fight for equality and justice for all.

Related posts

The Dyer Anti-Lynching Bill

joe bodego

James Van Der Zee


Bennett College


Racially segregated schools in the United States

joe bodego