Here are some key details about CARICOM: Establishment:
CARICOM was established on July 4, 1973, with the signing of the Treaty of Chaguaramas in Trinidad and Tobago. The treaty created a framework for economic cooperation and coordination among the member states.
Objectives: The primary objectives of CARICOM are to promote economic integration, enhance cooperation in areas such as trade, foreign policy, and security, and advance social and cultural development in the Caribbean region. The organization aims to create a common market and foster the collective strength and voice of its member states in the international community.
Membership: CARICOM consists of 15 full member states: Antigua and Barbuda, The Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica, Montserrat, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Suriname, and Trinidad and Tobago. In addition to full members, CARICOM has five associate members and eight observers.
Organs and Institutions: CARICOM operates through various organs and institutions, including the Conference of Heads of Government, the Council for Foreign and Community Relations, the Caribbean Development Bank, the Caribbean Court of Justice, and the CARICOM Secretariat, which serves as the administrative body of the organization.
Free Movement of Goods, Services, and People: One of the key achievements of CARICOM is the establishment of a Single Market and Economy (CSME). The CSME allows for the free movement of goods, services, capital, and skilled labor among member states, facilitating trade and economic integration.
Regional Integration Initiatives: CARICOM has pursued several initiatives to deepen regional integration, including harmonizing trade policies, establishing common standards and regulations, coordinating foreign policy positions, and promoting cooperation in areas such as health, education, and disaster management.
Challenges and Priorities: CARICOM faces various challenges, including economic vulnerability, high debt levels, climate change, and the impact of natural disasters. The organization’s priorities include advancing sustainable development, addressing non-communicable diseases, enhancing regional security, and strengthening governance and institutional capacity.
CARICOM plays a crucial role in fostering cooperation and integration among its member states, promoting regional development, and addressing shared challenges in the Caribbean region.