The National Football League (NFL)

The National Football League (NFL) is the professional football league in the United States, consisting of 32 teams. The NFL was founded as the American Professional Football Conference (APFC) on August 20th, 1920 by representatives of four teams including the Dayton Triangles, Cleveland Indians, Canton Bulldogs, and Akron Pros. On September 17th, 1920 the league was renamed the American Professional Football Association (APFA). The league had 14 teams.

In 1922 the league was renamed the National Football League (NFL). Other leagues formed and dissolved over the years and in 1960 the American Football League was formed. The leagues competed for popularity until 1966 when they agreed to merge. The league was split into two conferences, the National Football Conference and the American Football Conference. The first Super Bowl was played on January 15th, 1967.

NFL Team Logos

NFL Facts

  • The NFL is a non-profit unincorporated organization. Because it does not make a profit it does not have to pay income tax. All teams except the Green Bay Packers pay tax because they make a profit.
  • The first televised NFL game was in 1939. Approximately 500 TV sets broadcast the game in New York.
  • The NFL league is divided into the NFC and AFC conferences. Each conference is divided into four divisions with four teams in each division.
  • Each team in the NFL plays 16 games and has one week off. At the end of the 16 games, the top six teams advance into the playoffs.
  • An NFL season consists of four weeks of pre-season, seventeen weeks of the regular season, and a single elimination playoff season between 12 teams. The championship game is the Super Bowl.
  • The Vince Lombardi Trophy is given each year to the winning team of the Super Bowl. It is made of sterling silver and is worth more than $25,000.
  • A large percentage of professional football players are bankrupt within a few years of retiring.
  • The last segregated team in the NFL was the Washington Redskins. At the time they were also the worst team in the league.
  • Professional football players in the NFL were not required to wear helmets until 1943.
  • The NFL season is the shortest professional sports season of any major American sport.
  • In the United States, more food is consumed on Super Bowl Sunday than on any other day of the year, with the exception of Thanksgiving.
  • On Super Bowl Sunday each year fewer people get married than on any other day in the United States.
  • The Green Bay Packers joined the league in 1921 and they are the longest-oldest franchise in the history of the NFL.
  • In 2011, a 30-second commercial played during the Super Bowl cost the advertiser approximately $3 million.
  • It is estimated that the Super Bowl draws over 100 million viewers each year.
  • One of the most valuable NFL teams is estimated to be worth $1.5 billion.
  • The longest field goal in NFL history was kicked by Tom Dempsey in 1970. He was a 22-year-old New Orleans Saints kicker. Tom had been born without half of his right foot. He was also born without four fingers on his right hand.

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